How Does Web Hosting Work?

Web Hosting refers to storing the files of your website or blog at a location which is accessible universally on the World Wide Web. That location is called a Web Server. Web Servers are just high capacity CPUs, with appropriate Server software installed. Such web servers usually have a static IP address, so that the files stored on them can be easily accessed by any internet user, by just being referred to a file location on the server, through the IP address. For the files to be accessed conveniently, you need to specify a Domain Name, which is another name representing an IP address pointing to a folder on the Web Server.

Thus, using multiple folders corresponding to multiple domains, a single Web Server can Host multiple websites. The sub-Domains of a domain again point to sub-directories on the Web Server.
For normal internet usage, we use home-based computers, Laptops, mobiles or other devices. However, these devices cannot normally be used as Web Servers. The reasons are :

  • They don’t have a dedicated IP address, thus no file location is permanently accessible on the Internet.
  • They usually do not have a high file-handling capacity and processor capacity, as is required when thousands of people access the same files simultaneously.
  • They do not have a highly stable and reliable power supply, for 24×7 access by people on the Internet.

Thus, we need to purchase space on Web Servers owned by other individuals and companies in order to have a website which can be accessed by others over the internet. Web Hosting services vary in terms of :

  • Web Server space
  • File-handling capacity or Bandwidth
  • Processor Speed
  • Number of simultaneous connections to the SQL Databases
  • Security of the files stored, including protection from vicious hackers
  • Dedicated IP addresses for domain names
  • SQL Database space allowed
  • Server Uptime (should be >99%)

…and the list continues.
Thus, with hundreds of web hosting companies and thousands of service plans to choose from, it becomes a pretty tough task to select the most reliable, cost-effective as well as powerful web hosting service.

Samir Saurav Majhi
I'm a Generalist Researcher working on a Theory of Reality, Horticulturist, Blogger, Natural Systems Analyst, Amateur Architect and all around curious guy with deep interest in Buddhist Philosophy, Yoga, Holistic Medicine, Natural Mathematics, Homoeopathy, Reiki and a firm belief in Competitive Cooperation for Sustainable Existence.
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