Do you believe in a future where people drive flying, autonomous cars that run on a sustainable energy source?
Ever since Karl Benz introduced the first motor vehicle in 1886, internal combustion engines have been the only conventional technology used to propel our cars throughout the 20th century. The beginning of the third millennia was focused around the preservation of natural environment and energy efficiency, which gave a lot of room to scientist to come up with alternate solutions to an already aged technology. The first attempts to create electric cars were rather anemic, due to low driving speeds and short distances that batteries could last until the next recharge. Nowadays, we see a new future for electric cars, and it appears that this time we just might succeed in changing the way we move.
The new life of electric cars
Today, when we think of vehicles that use electricity as a propellant, we think of Elon Musk and his famous Tesla brand. One of the most loved billionaires in the world managed to create a car that could go really fast and cover large distances between charges, which served as a motivation to traditional car manufacturers to think about their own future.
When Tesla Model S was first introduced, it was the revolution of electric vehicles, it could cross more than 400km before recharging the battery, the maximum speed ranged 180-250km/h depending on the battery, which was more than its main competitor at that point, Nissan Leaf, could ever deliver. The all-new Tesla S based its concept on efficient design and advanced software which enabled control over all aspects of driving.
The reason why Tesla holds an advantage over its competitors is that it uses induction motors, while Nissan and other manufacturers place synchronous electric motors to power their vehicles. The main difference between the two is that induction motors don’t need electric supply connected to the rotor in order to produce torque, which enhances the power consumption and also provides higher torque. Because of the single speed transmission, electric cars produce higher RPMs, thus distributing more power than internal combustion vehicles.
The use of operational software solutions allows electric cars to secure safety measures and additional features like assisted and autonomous driving and parking. Various sources claim that these autonomous solutions provide the false sense of security, however, so far, there have been only a few accidents that resulted due to autopilot features.
The electric car trends for 2019
This year represents a crossing point for the automotive industry, as more and more companies turn their aim towards full-electric and hybrid solutions, while others even announce the use of new battery types, more enhanced than Lithium-Ion.
World’s leading car manufacturer, Volkswagen, decided to change their entire concept and announced a hybrid and full-electric car production as the focus of their future endeavors. They started this year with a Bentley hybrid SUV model Bentyaga, which is enthusiastic as it is.
Audi is showing their determination to show the competition some muscles with e-Tron, which is due to show its face this year. Jaguar I-Pace is another luxury model that provides a full-battery driving experience with Tesla-competing speed and acceleration that provides going from o to 60 in 4.5 sec.
Although Lithium-Ion batteries provide more energy than any other useful solution, there is still room for improvement. The new technology that is yet to show its face this year is a new type of flow battery that uses hydrogen. The difference between the two is in the energy density provided. Lithium-Ion batteries deliver 130-140 watt per kilogram, while the alternative promises ten times the energy per kilo.
The new battery technology is also economically efficient, while conventional batteries require recharge and provide a limited distance per single charge, hydrogen batteries allow you to re-energize them through solar panels or an alternative, preferably green, technology but not before the anode is fully oxidized. This could additionally reduce the carbon footprint of electric vehicles, which is also a concern since the Singapore government decided to tax Tesla cars for increased power consumption.
It’s been more than a century since we’ve started developing consumer motor vehicles, and the technology behind the industry made almost zero progress. We had to wait for 100 years to see a breakthrough that really has potential, and now we see that new technology becoming more reliable and reachable to a wider array of consumers. We can only hope that the best is yet to come.
About the Author
Sharon is marketing specialist and blogger from Manchester, UK. When she has a minute, she loves to share a few of her thoughts about marketing, writing and blogging with you. Currently, she is working as a marketer at BrillAssignment And EssayOnTime UK. You could follow Sharon on Facebook.